Department of Economics

Wage Inequality and the Labor Market Impact of Economic Transformation: Croatia, 1970-2008

Department of Economics
University of Delaware
Working Paper #2011-17

Wage Inequality and the Labor Market Impact of Economic Transformation: Croatia, 1970-2008

Saul D. Hoffman, Ivo Bićanić, and Oriana Vukoja

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we examine wage inequality and wage differentials in Croatia from 1970 to 2008 using two long aggregate time series on the distribution of income. We focus especially on changing income inequality related to educational and vocational attainment, changing income inequality within those groups, and how these two components of inequality were affected by the economic transformation from Socialism to capitalism.  We find that income inequality between groups rose moderately post-transformation, while overall inequality increased more sharply. This finding is consistent with a growing importance of individual rather than group productivity in labor market compensation, a change broadly consistent with the economic transformation of the Croatian labor market.

JEL Codes:J3, P2, P23, E34

Keywords:  Croatia, Economics of Transition, Inequality, Gini coefficient

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